A recap on the Nigerian
environment and housing in 2015 saw many trend some exhilarating some
saddening. There were various incidence of building collapses, flooding,
climate change, fast pacing deforestation in Northern States of the federation,
and other human difficulties. The scenario of the climate change in practice
has lead to many environmental hazards in both developing and developed countries.
There is no doubt the turbulent
and challenging factor that raised dust in every part of the continent is a
true reflection of what has happened in the past. Various conventions such as the Kyoto
protocol, Copenhagen summits and recently, the Durban summit all made a
wonderful conclusion as to the way forward on the persistent challenges of the
But still, the implementation
of its findings remains one factor to many in the face of some nations whose
countries are more affected. Were some sees it as exploiting, given that many
of the advance nation are the larger consumer of it products in commercial
quantity and in the alternative, environmental damages is primarily affecting
those mineral producing countries in developing Africa counterparts, where it
was reported to be the largest exporter of its mineral resources to the
developed countries mainly for commercial purpose.
In some thing that remain one
big set back to developing countries .painfully, reports indicate that the global emission has high of it proportion
in African continent since the exploration
process is here, the developed countries
has less burden since it only consumes it finished product. What then
could be proffered as workable mitigating process from all this developments?
Also, the threat to life and
property by flood is now becoming an annual event in many Nigerian urban
centers. Report indicate that every quarter of the country was virtually
affected by floods as compared in a very few location in1978, this as revealed
is an increase of 60 percent over20 years. The extension of the flood
accordingly, must have been as a result of urbanization. Adding to the above is
the fact that the occurrence of flood in Nigeria is becoming more frequent and
almost an annual event.
This is an experience that is
witnessed internationally; hence Nigeria is not an exception. For, according to
report on world habitat, Rio in Brazil reveal increasingly, there is evidence
that what was once considered a so called 100 years flood is now likely to
occur one every 50 years or even 20years.it continues and it is recognition of
the fact that weather patterns are changing as a result of the human
contributions to it effects. We are seeing more instances of severe weather,
which recently caused serious flood challenges in various parts of the states
early this year.
Oduwaye, a physical planner
strongly believes in the use of mitigation mechanism by all the state involved.
Citing the scenario that occurred early this year in Ikorodu, he said, the
incidence happened mainly as a result of lack of communication with their
counterpart in Ogun state before the opening of dam in the state which lead to
destruction of life and properties.
Adding that the coming wet
season should no longer meet the government unaware. In the area of
environmental sustainability, reports indicate that Nigeria is currently about
350sqm of its land mass annually to the advancing desert in the northern state
of Borno, Yobe, Katsina, Sokoto, and Kano. It reveals that72million Nigerians
have no access to safe drinking water while 55.2 million Nigerian have no
access to improve sanitation.
A vital point here is that much
declaration has been made toward solving it as a result; it was incorporated
into international awareness at the millennium summit of the millennium
development goal targets that is expected to be achieved in few year times.
Yet, appreciable progress is still far fetching. Some initiative of the government involvement
at various levels is reported to have remain an efforts not enough to stem it
fast growing implications, were if urgent attention is not given to this growing treads, the inhabitants will
pay dearly for it.
On the housing front, a
renowned urban expert Oyewole fagbohun, observed that Nigeria has housing
scheme and programmes but that there is no clear housing policy. It is not
surprising, therefore, that such schemes and programmes fail to accomplish
their desired goals in the past and present. Noting that housing scheme require
a comprehensive housing strategy which he says remain a foundation for any
effective and meaningful housing policy as a laying foundation for the future.
The ultimate goal of this is to
ensure that any proposed housing scheme or programme in the context of the
total urban development or redevelopment will satisfy or lay a foundation for
satisfying the housing needs and demand of the target population up to a
nationally pre-determined standard or level, based on financial and other
resources of the nation.
He noted that the present proposed policy on housing
by the government should include
among others, a strategy of economizing on the use of resources and avoiding
the destruction of the existing assets; exploiting the willingness of the
people to contribute in kind and their ability to contribute in cash to their
housing. OyewoleFagbohun said, adding that providing a range of different
standard of housing to match the resources and needs of different income group
and ensuring a reasonably equitable distribution of available resources for
housing between different in come group
remain inevitable if the present
government is indeed willing to ensure
housing for all.
The incidence cases of building
collapse has reported indicate that between 1983 t0 2007, there are about 101
reported cases of building collapse were
the numbers of cases varied from year to year. It reveals that the cases have
become a major occurrence in urban centre, particularly in Lagos, Ibadan and
Kaduna. Also, in the report, it indicated that death toll of about 376 life’s
occurred within those stipulated periods respectively.
Until recently, a building
collapse case was reported along akoka, living behind two people caught in the
trap, which finally found lifeless after all effort was put together to bring
out those victims. In proffering solution to these ugly trends, Olaseni, a
housing expert, is of the view that their is need to strengthen development
control laws. He said; situations were certificate of occupancy is not granted
before the commencements of building indeed encourage the persistence problems
of building collapse.
While praising the present
administration for strictly applying that process in development of any
buildings, believe the government can still put more policies on ground to stem
these persistence cases of building collapse. He believes that their
expectation as stake-holders should not fall short of those outlined legal
ingredients if collapse of building which will enhance the reduction of the
trend to a bearable level. Noting that
the control mechanism presently is limited to the aspect of development alone
which one can channel to the course of persisting cases of building collapse in