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I
am constrained to write to you this open letter. I decided to make it an open
letter because the issue is very weighty and must be greatly worrisome to all
concerned Nigerians and that means all right-thinking Nigerians and those residents in Nigeria. Since the issue is of momentous concern to all
well-meaning and all right-thinking Nigerians, it must be of great concern to
you, and collective thinking and dialoguing is the best way of finding an
appropriate and adequate solution to the problem. The contents of this letter,
therefore, should be available to all those who can help in proffering
effective solutions for the problem of insecurity in the land.

One
of the spinoffs and accelerants are the misinformation and disinformation
through the use of fake news. A number of articles, in recent days, have been
attributed to me by some people who I believe may be seeking added credence and
an attentive audience for their opinions and viewpoints. As you know very well,
I will always boldly own what I say and disown what is put into my mouth. But
the issue I am addressing here is very serious; it is the issue of life and
death for all of us and for our dear country, Nigeria. This issue can no longer
be ignored, treated with nonchalance, swept under the carpet or treated with
cuddling glove.
The
issue is hitting at the foundation of our existence as Nigerians and fast
eroding the root of our Nigerian community. I am very much worried and afraid
that we are on the precipice and dangerously reaching a tipping point where it
may no longer be possible to hold danger at bay. Without being immodest, as a
Nigerian who still bears the scar of the Nigerian civil war on my body and with
a son who bears the scar of fighting Boko Haram on his body, you can
understand, I hope, why I am so concerned. When people are desperate and feel
that they cannot have confidence in the ability of government to provide
security for their lives and properties, they will take recourse to anything
and everything that can guarantee their security individually and collectively.
For
over ten years, for four of which you have been the captain of the ship, Boko
Haram has menacingly ravaged the land and in spite of government’s claim of
victory over Boko Haram, the potency and the activities of Boko Haram, where
they are active, remain undiminished, putting lie to government’s claim. The
recent explanation of the Chief of Army Staff for non-victory due to lack of
commitment and lack of motivation on the part of troops bordering on sabotage
speaks for itself. Say what you will, Boko Haram is still a daily issue of
insecurity for those who are victimised, killed, maimed, kidnapped, raped, sold
into slavery and forced into marriage and for children forcibly recruited into
carrying bombs on them to detonate among crowds of people to cause maximum
destructions and damage. And Boko Haram will not go away on the basis of sticks
alone, carrots must overweigh sticks. How else do you deal with issues such as
only about 50% literacy in North-East with over 70% unemployment?
Herdsmen/farmers
crises and menace started with government treating the issue with cuddling
glove instead of hammer. It has festered and spread. Today, it has developed
into banditry, kidnapping, armed robbery and killings all over the country. The
unfortunate situation is that the criminality is being perceived as a ‘Fulani’
menace unleashed by Fulani elite in the different parts of the country for a
number of reasons but even more, unfortunately, many Nigerians and
non-Nigerians who are friends of Nigeria attach vicarious responsibility to you
as a Fulani elite and the current captain of the Nigeria ship. Perception may
be as potent as reality at times. Whatever may be the grievances of Fulanis, if
any, they need to be put out in the open and their grievances, if legitimate, be
addressed; and if other ethnic groups have grievances, let them also be brought
out in the open and addressed through debate and dialogue.
The
main issue, if I may dare say, is poor management or mismanagement of diversity
which, on the other hand, is one of our greatest and most important assets. As
a result, very onerous cloud is gathering. And rain of destruction, violence,
disaster and disunity can only be the outcome. Nothing should be taken for
granted, the clock is ticking with the cacophony of dissatisfaction and
disaffection everywhere in and outside the country. The Presidency and the
Congress in the US have signalled to us to put our house in order. The House of
Lords in the UK had debated the Nigerian security situation. We must understand
and appreciate the significance, implication and likely consequences of such
concerns and deliberations.
No
one can stop hate speech, violent agitation and smouldering violent agitation
if he fans the embers of hatred, disaffection and violence. It will continue to
snowball until it is out of control. A stitch in time saves nine, goes the old
wise saying.
With
the death of Funke, Chief Fasoranti’s daughter, some sympathetic Nigerian
groups are saying “enough is enough”. Prof. Anya, a distinguished Nigerian merit
Laureate, has this to say “We can no longer say with certainty that we have a
nation”. Niger-Delta leaders, South-Eastern leaders, Middle-Belt leaders and
Northern Elders Forum have not remained quiet. Different ordinary Nigerians at
home and abroad are calling for different measures to address or ameliorate the
situation. All the calls and cries can only continue to be ignored at the
expense of Nigerian unity, if not its continued existence.
To
be explicit and without equivocation, Mr. President and General, I am deeply
worried about four avoidable calamities:
1.
abandoning Nigeria into the hands of criminals who are all being suspected,
rightly or wrongly, as Fulanis and terrorists of Boko Haram type;
2.
spontaneous or planned reprisal attacks against Fulanis which may inadvertently
or advertently mushroom into pogrom or Rwanda-type genocide that we did not
believe could happen and yet it happened.
3.
similar attacks against any other tribe or ethnic group anywhere in the country
initiated by rumours, fears, intimidation and revenge capable of leading to
pogrom;
4.
violent uprising beginning from one section of the country and spreading
quickly to other areas and leading to dismemberment of the country.
It
happened to Yugoslavia not too long ago. If we do not act now, one or all of
these scenarios may happen. We must pray and take effective actions at the same
time. The initiative is in the hands of the President of the nation, but he
cannot do it alone. In my part of the world, if you are sharpening your cutlass
and a mad man comes from behind to take the cutlass from you, you need other
people’s assistance to have your cutlass back without being harmed. The mad men
with serious criminal intent and terrorism as core value have taken cutlass of
security. The need for assistance to regain control is obviously compelling and
must be embraced now.
A
couple of weeks ago at a public lecture, I had said, among other things, that:
“In
all these issues of mobilisation for national unity, stability, security,
cooperation, development, growth and progress, there is no consensus. Like in
the issue of security, government should open up discussion, debate and
dialogue as part of consultation at different levels and the outcome of such
deliberations should be collated to form inputs into a national conference to
come up with the solution that will effectively deal with the issues and lead
to rapid development, growth and progress which will give us a wholesome
society and enhanced living standard and livelihood in an inclusive and shared
society. It will be a national programme. We need unity of purpose and
nationally accepted strategic roadmap that will not change with whims and
caprices of any government. It must be owned by the citizens, people’s policy
and strategy implemented by the government no matter its colour and leaning.
Some
of the groups that I will suggest to be contacted are: traditional rulers, past
heads of service (no matter how competent or incompetent they have been and how
much they have contributed to the mess we are in), past heads of para-military
organisations, private sector, civil society, community leaders particularly in
the most affected areas, present and past governors, present and past local
government leaders, religious leaders, past Heads of State, past intelligence
chiefs, past Heads of Civil Service and relevant current and retired diplomats,
members of opposition and any groups that may be deemed relevant.”
The
President must be seen to be addressing this issue with utmost seriousness and with
maximum dispatch and getting all hands on deck to help. If there is failure,
the principal responsibility will be that of the President and no one else. We
need cohesion and concentration of effort and maximum force – political,
economic, social, psychological and military – to deal successfully with the
menace of criminality and terrorism separately and together. Blame game among
own forces must be avoided. It is debilitating and only helpful to our
adversary. We cannot dither anymore. It is time to confront this threat
headlong and in a manner that is holistic, inclusive and purposeful.
For
the sake of Nigeria and Nigerians, I pray that God may grant you, as our
President, the wisdom, the understanding, the political will and the courage to
do what is right when it is right and without fear or favour. May God save,
secure, protect and bless Nigeria. May He open to us a window of opportunity
that we can still use to prevent the worst happening. As we say in my village,
“May God forbid bad thing”.
OLUSEGUN OBASANJO
July 15, 2019
Released by
KehindeAkinyemi
Special Assistant Media.

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