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We live in the age of a rapid change in the global environment, change caused by prolific human activities
that are unprecedented in human history. Amongst the most prominent of the
change is the alteration of the composition of the atmosphere, coming with associated
consequences for global warming.
Although, there has
been a series of event that has resulted in climate change in the past, however,
this present is peculiar, in that, it is anthropogenically induced.

This change came as a
result of the continuing processes of evolutionary change and adaptation
that have led to the development of the marvellously diverse communities of
organisms over the land and of the surface waters of the earth.

When human being first
appeared on the earth, and the development of civilization began, our collective impact on the process of natural selection and evolution was hardly
perceptible.

But as we increase in
numbers especially as we lean and store in fossil fuel where also we apply this
energy to the process of urbanization, industrialization and intensive
agriculture and forestry, our impact becomes progressively stronger.
 Over the century, as a result of human
influence, virtually all ecosystems on earth have been affected. This, in turn, has altered and transformed the major biogeochemical cycles, such as the global
carbon, water and nitrogen cycles.  
Almost every human on
a large scale influences the chemistry of the atmosphere. All countries,
regardless of their levels’ of development or type of political system are
subject to the adverse effect of climate change variability.
Recent studies have
shown that industrial countries are no more immune to the impact of climate
change than the developing counties.

According to the
review committee by a group of commonwealth experts, it indicates that the
poorest developing countries will be hit earliest and hardest by climate change
even though they contributed little to course the problem.  

The Impact of houses-hold
to global climate change remains because of its all-encompassing views used to
encapsulate all systemic environment that influences housing and shelter.

Suffice to say, it is
a collection of characters to provide a unique home within any neighbourhood
and it is thus an array of economic, sociological a psychological phenomena.

 Housing as a subset of the eco-system that utilizes the packages of a bundle of
facilities, utilities and this interrelatedness, which no doubt affect the
environment.
Liability for
pollution of our planet does not solely rest with the great industrial combines
whose facilities spew chemical waste into the air, land and into water and
sees.
These are all major
contributors, but ultimately, it is the householders who maintain the demand
for their product, and who therefore bears equal responsibility for the
pollution that threatens to ruin our planets.

 In accordance with these Developments, house-hold
has created today’s ecological crises.

 The warning of the earth’s atmosphere as a
result of the blanketing effect of carbon dioxide and other polluting gases are now being taken seriously considering the fact that it is
continually been noticed.
In an attempt to take a
back at history at the start of the 21st century, humanity is
becoming a predominantly urban species and this historic development represents
a fundamental, systemic change in the relationship between human and nature.
Human habitats have
gone through many phases in its evolution and perhaps now at a point where
reversal has become critical. From the caveman-era through the age of small
huts made from straws and trunks to the age of brick, wood, metal and glass,
the human habitat has metamorphosed indeed.

As the population grows,
human being began to organize their societies, so did the size and dynamics of
their settlement grows and becomes sophisticated, yet complicated. The
socio-economics impacts of climate change to household vulnerability have a
variety of counts as a result.
The economy is more dependent
on climatically sensitive natural resources, natural eco-systems like
forests as well as farming and fishing coming with environmental stress of
various kinds that are already acute in many areas as a result of its implication
of climate change that is aggravating it.

 many of the adaptation that would be required
to reduce the cost of this phenomenon must intensify the management
of  nature reservoirs, redesign of dams and irrigation systems,
although maybe beyond the resources of many  poorer countries which adjustment will impose
cost on all.

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