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With a focus on raising the ambition required to
limit the global average temperature rise to 1.5 degrees Celsius and
adapting to the worst impacts of climate change, Costa Rica opened three
days of exchanging best practices for climate action and discussions at
PreCOP25.
The conference has gathered delegates from 100
countries and more than 1,500 participants and is taking place prior to
the 25th Conference of the Parties (
COP25) of the United Nations Framework Convention on
Climate Change (UNFCCC), to be held in Santiago de Chile in December.


“More than at
the preparatory meetings of previous years, this PreCOP is focused on
the exchange of experiences on possible solutions to accelerate the
decarbonization and resilience of the world’s economies”.
“Costa Rica is focusing PreCOP25 on climate science
and the need to increase climate ambition”.
Global emissions need to fall by about 45 percent from
2010 levels by 2030, reaching ‘net zero’ around 2050 to limit global average
temperature rise to as close as possible to 1.5 degrees Celsius, the central
goal of the Environmental ambition is profitable.
Each country will make its own assessments, in the
light of its experiences and circumstances. Costa Rica is a “decarbonization
laboratory” which proves that ambitious decarbonization objectives are also
good economic business, ”said Costa Rican President Carlos Alvarado
Quesada in his speech during the inaugural plenary.
This year’s
PreCOP has three guiding topics: cities and electric mobility, nature-based
solutions and the blue economy. The conference also has two cross-cutting
topics: gender and human rights, and finance.
“It is time to
act with high ambition. The negotiation process is moving decisively and now
the countries of the world need to focus on solutions. We see this PreCOP as a
great opportunity to focus on the implementation of measures to transform our
development model,” said Costa Rica’s Minister of Environment and Energy,
Carlos Manuel Rodríguez.
Costa Rica this
year presented a detailed plan to decarbonize its economy by 2050 and hopes to
provide a template for other nations to act. The country covers around 99% of
its power from clean, renewable sources of energy. In September, the country
received the 2019 “Champions of the Earth award from UNEP, the UN’s highest
environmental honour, for its role in the protection of nature and its
commitment to ambitious policies to combat climate change.
PreCOP25 Is a bridge between the September 23 UN Climate Action Summit and COP25.
The PreCOP25 in San Jose is taking place shortly after
the 
Climate Action Summit Convened by UN Secretary-General António
Guterres.
As the result of a “High Ambition Coalition”
initiative, led by Chile, more than 70 countries committed to net zero carbon
emissions by 2050 and more than 100 cities did the same, including several of
the worlds largest.
 “At least 70
countries announced their intention to boost their national climate action
plans under the Paris agreement by 2020”.
The UN
Secretary General’s Special Envoy for the Summit, Luis de Alba, recounted these
and other results, and urged more action.
“At the Climate
Action Summit we saw leaders from many countries, regions, cities and the
private sector stepping up with greater action and climate ambition. We
applaud that leadership and those that came together to confront the global
climate crisis.
 But there’s a still a long way to go. We
are approaching irreversible tipping points. We need many others to take climate
action if we are to succeed,” he said.
He said the international community made good strides last year by agreeing most the
“rulebook” of the Paris Agreement. The Katowice Rulebook represents a set of
detailed technical provisions – the same for all Parties to the Paris Agreement
– which finally bring the Paris Agreement to life.
However, some
issues relating to the Rulebook remain to be resolved. And current ambition to
tackle climate change in the national climate action plans of countries under
the Paris Climate Change Agreement put the world on a path towards a more than
3 degrees Celsius global average temperature rise, He added!
Carolina
Schmidt, Chiles’s Environment Minister and incoming President of COP25,
outlined her expectations for the December gathering in Santiago.
“We need to
urgently increase ambition to reach carbon neutrality by 2050, as science
tells us. It’s fundamental to increase ambition in countries, regions,
cities and different economic sectors to advance transformative action towards
a low-emissions and resilient future. Chile is a small country and vulnerable
to climate change; this is why Presidente Sebastián Piñera is facing these
challenges with all the courage and responsibility that comes with this
historic moment; today it’s time to decisively act and advance towards clean
and sustainable development,” she said.
In 2020,
countries are set to submit revised and enhanced climate action plans. Ovais
Sarmad, Deputy Executive Secretary of the UN Framework Convention on Climate
Change pointed out those recent announcements made in New York and the results
of COP25 will feed into those plans that will be formally submitted to the
United Nations next year.
“These plans
are only submitted once every five years. Our window of opportunity to address
climate change increasingly looks to close within that same time-frame. So,
decisions must be made now,” he said.

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